How to Purify and Filter Tap Water

Clean water is no longer an essential commodity nowadays. There is water in almost everywhere, but not all are safe for drinking.

This water crisis has brought about many ways by which we can ensure the cleanliness and safety of our drinking water. Two of the most common methods of this are purification and filtering.

Water purification vs. filtration

Crating pure and clean water begins by understanding the different methods to be used in doing so. In a nutshell, the differences between these two methods are as follows:

Purification – the process of removing harmful contaminants. However, some purified water systems make use chemicals like iodine or chlorine, instead of eliminating them. These substances are being used in their water-cleaning processes.

Moreover, some water purification systems such as the reverse osmosis remove beneficial minerals like magnesium and calcium.

Filtration – another process of removing unwanted substances in your water. A lot of the water filtration systems make use activated carbon. This substance prevents harmful and microscopic contaminants from entering your drinking water.

Also, because the majority of these water contaminants are carbon-based, water filters can really be effective in keeping your drinking water safe and clean.

Purifying your tap water

water filtration

You don't have to own intimidating machines to be able to refine your water. This process can quickly be done at home with the use of the standard equipment and material you have at home.

Read on to learn the different methods:


Obviously, the most accessible way to purify your tap water. Just bring the water to a rolling boil for 3 to 5 minutes, and let the water cool afterward.

Your water is ready for drinking. The main disadvantage though of this method is that simple boiling may not be enough. It will not remove metals or harmful chemicals. 

Water chlorination

Another simple method of purifying water is chlorination. From the term itself, this process only takes remedying the water with household chlorine bleach. 

This method is so accessible and comfortable as the household chlorine bleach is generally between 5% to 6% chlorine and kills harmful microorganisms fast. 

However, when doing this, be mindful of the expiration date of you household bleach. Also, another drawback of doing water chlorination is the taste and odor of water after using household bleach.


Another method of water purification is ozonation. This is commonly used by people from European countries. In this method, you will use ozone as a disinfectant.

This substance is a pale blue gas with a bitter smell. You will add this to the water to break down biological and microbiological problems, as well as taste and odor issues of water.

The disadvantage of this method is that it has a higher equipment and operational cost. It may also attract probable fire hazards and toxicity concerns.

Iodine treatment

An easy way to purify water is by using iodine. This substance kills various pathogens that exist in natural freshwater sources. However, it does not kill all of it.

To do this, first, warm the water in the sun before treating. You can also add hot water as an alternative. After this, you may add 5 drops of iodine per quart when the water is clear.

If it is hazy, add 10 drops per quart. Wait for 30 minutes, and you can now enjoy your clean drinking water.

Filtering your tap water

Forget about the pricey filtered tap water you buy in stores. Yes, bottled water may be convenient, but they are also expensive and may not as fresh as you want them.

You can have filtered water at home by making your own. Follow the easy ways below and not get into spending a lot of bucks.

Install countertop filters

Countertop water filters come in two categories – filters attached to your kitchen tap and free-standing models. These are the filters you see sitting next to the kitchen sink.

You can install them in a few minutes. All you need is to attach the filter tube to your tap. It can be done quickly by you, and you don’t have to worry about plumbing.

Both models (attached models and free-standing) are portable and can be taken with you in case you are moving places or switching homes.

water filter installed​​​Also, there is no need to install another tap. You just have to attach the filter to your existing faucet.

Using countertop water filters is beneficial as both models are affordable and are proven to filter well. These models remove harmful contaminants easily.

Apart from that, these kinds of filters are easy to maintain. You just have to replace the filters at the end of their service life.

Install under sink water filters

Apparently, the opposite of the countertop water filters is the under sink filters. These filters are installed under the kitchen sink.

under sink filter

This kind of filter has a variety of filtration technologies – from multi-stage reverse osmosis filters to multi-stage carbon block and ceramic filters.

Usually, this kind of filter does a multi-stage filtration, which means it performs a more in-depth and complex filtration.

Apart from they are out of sight, they also save you a lot of space.  

Another benefit is that under sink water filters are also affordable. This kind of filter is easy and cost-wise to maintain just like the countertop models.

Create your own filters

If you are up to it, you can also create your own water filters. Although it may take time on your part, you can save a lot of money by using what is available on your home. You also have the freedom to have your own design.

In an overview, you can make bio-filters, stove top distillers, charcoal filters, etc.

Wrap Up           

In conclusion, there are ways to make your water clean – two of these methods are water purification and filtration. The more basic one is the water filtration where you can easily install countertop or under sink water filters.

You can also create your own filters. You don’t have to have master plumbing skills to do this as there are tons of ways you can make one just by following steps online.